Top 10 Places to visit in Rome

Rome, the capital of Italy, is one of Europe’s most ancient urban centers, dating back almost 3,000 years. It is the city with the highest concentration of historical and architectural riches in the world.
Vatican City is an independent country within the city boundaries of Rome, the only existing example of a country within a city. Here I listed top 10 places to visit in Rome, Italy.

The Colosseum
The Colosseum or Coliseum, is an elliptical amphitheatre in the centre of the city of Rome, Italy. Built of concrete and stone,it is the largest amphitheatre in the world. It is considered one of the greatest works of architecture and engineering. Construction began under the emperor Vespasian in 70 AD, and was completed in 80 AD under his successor and heir Titus.

The Arch of Constantine
The Arch of Constantine is a triumphal arch in Rome, situated between the Colosseum and the Palatine Hill. It was builded by the Roman Senate to show respect for Constantine I's victory over Maxentius at the Battle of Milvian Bridge on October 28, 312. It is the latest of the existing triumphal arches in Rome.The monument is an imposing 21 metre high and 25.6 m wide rectangular block of grey and white Proconnesian marble consisting of three separate arches.

The Palatine Hill
The Palatine Hill is the centermost of the Seven Hills of Rome and is one of the most ancient parts of the city. Located in between such attractions as the Circus Maximus, the Colosseum, and the Roman Forum. The site is now a large open-air museum which tourists can visit during the daytime.

The Roman Forum
The Roman Forum is a rectangular forum (plaza) surrounded by the ruins of several important ancient government buildings at the center of the city of Rome. Citizens of the ancient city referred to this space, originally a marketplace, as the Forum Magnum, or simply the Forum.

The Altare della Patria
The Altare della Patria also known as the Monumento Nazionale, a National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II, is a monument built in honour of Victor Emmanuel, the first king of a unified Italy, located in Rome, Italy. It occupies a site between the Piazza Venezia and the Capitoline Hill. It features stairways, Corinthian columns, fountains, an equestrian sculpture of Victor Emmanuel and two statues of the goddess Victoria riding on quadrigas.

Piazza del Popolo
Piazza del Popolo, in modern Italian literally means "People's Square" is a large urban square in Rome. It is a harmonious oval square situated near the Borghese Park at the main northern entrance to the city. The square’s fame spread worldwide over the years as a site for public executions, fairs, carnivals,  games and competitions and as a symbol of Renaissance papal patronage.

The Pantheon
The Pantheon is a building in Rome, Italy, commissioned by Marcus Agrippa during the reign of Augustus (27 BC - 14 AD) and rebuilt by the emperor Hadrian about 126 AD. The building is circular with a portico of large granite Corinthian columns under a pediment. Almost two thousand years after it was built, the Pantheon's dome is still the world's largest unreinforced concrete dome. The height to the oculus and the diameter of the interior circle are the same, 43.3 metres (142 ft).

Trajan's Market
Trajan's Market is a large complex of ruins in the city of Rome, Italy, located on the Via dei Fori Imperiali, at the opposite end to the Colosseum. It is a living model of life in the Roman capital and a glimpse at the continuing restoration in the city, which reveals new treasures and insights about Ancient Roman architecture.It is also thought to be the world's oldest shopping mall.

St. Peter's Square
St. Peter's Square is a massive plaza located directly in front of St. Peter's Basilica
in the Vatican City, the papal enclave inside Rome. At the centre of the square is an Egyptian obelisk, erected at the current site in 1586. Gian Lorenzo Bernini designed the square almost 100 years later, including the massive Tuscan colonnades, four columns deep, which embrace visitors in "the maternal arms of Mother Church.

Trevi Fountain
Trevi Fountain is a fountain in the Trevi district in Rome, Italy, designed by Italian architect Nicola Salvi and completed by Pietro Bracci. Standing 26.3 metres (86 ft) high and 49.15 metres (161.3 ft) wide, it is the largest Baroque fountain in the city and one of the most famous fountains in the world. The fountain has appeared in several notable films, including Federico Fellini's La Dolce Vita, and is a popular tourist attraction.

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